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Internal bifold door tracks: Types, hardware and FAQ's

Richard Collins Operations Director

Author: Richard Collins - Operations Director

vufold-internal-bifold-door vufold-internal-bifold-door

Internal bifold doors (also known as internal folding doors) use specialist hardware and a track system to operate. In this guide, you will find information on the different types of internal bifold door tracks used along with answers to frequently asked questions.


Unlike a standard interior door, an internal bifold door system needs more than just hinges to operate. Tracks hold and guide the bifold door rollers as the panels/doors open and close.

A bifold door track system consists of a main track and a guide track. You will find two main terms when researching bifold tracks: top-hung and bottom-rolling. These refer to where the bifold door’s main track is located.

Check out our internal bifold doors with tracks here


All internal sliding doors require a main track to operate. However, whether this track is top-hung or bottom-rolling varies across door manufacturers, and each location has its own benefits and considerations.

What is a top-hung track?

Top-hung bifold doors ‘hang’ from the main track which is located in the frame head. The rollers are attached to a hinge which is in turn fixed to the top of the access and middle door. The roller is enclosed in the main track so it is impossible for the doors to come out of the track during operation. The bottom track is used as a guide only (if at all).



Lower threshold— the main rolling hardware sits in the frame head above the door. The guide track is therefore at the bottom, with a slimmer profile than the main track. This results in the threshold also being lower, making it easy to install flush with the floor, which not only stops people tripping over but looks better as well.

Installation— when fitting top-hung bifold doors, the main track must be securely fastened over the full length of the door set. You will need to drill holes upwards into the supporting lintel which can be awkward.

Smooth operation— with top-hung bifolds, the door's weight hangs from the top, which means they require less force to move along the track. You can literally push them with your fingertip.


Low-maintenance— dirt and debris is unlikely to collect in an upper track, meaning the tracks will require less cleaning and maintenance.


Keeps doors secured— with top-hung tracks, the doors cannot fall out of the track, which means they offer an added layer of safety.



Bottom-rolling bifold doors are the opposite of top-hung. All of the door’s weight is carried on the floor. The main track is located in the bottom threshold of the frame. The rollers are attached to a hinge that is fixed to the bottom of the access and middle door.

On a bottom-rolling system, the guide track is located in the frame head. This prevents the doors from falling outwards when the doors are open.

Aluminium doors are almost always bottom-rolling. This is because they are designed to be used as external doors and are heavier due to double glazing, etc., which is considered unnecessary for internal doors.



Installation— fewer holes are needed in the guide track located in the frame head.

Jamming/blockages— because the main track is based on the lower part of the door set, small items and debris can fall in and block/damage the roller, causing your doors to jam.

Requires less support— heavy top-hung door systems usually require a lintel for the doors to hang from. Bottom rolling systems need less support as the weight is carried on the floor. However, internal doors are light enough to require minimal support to use a top-hung track.

Track dipping— if the main bottom track isn’t perfectly level and/or is poorly supported, the track can start to dip. This stops the doors from operating smoothly and can allow the doors to fall out of the top guide track if the dip is large enough.


More maintenance— you will need to regularly clean the bottom track to keep the doors operating smoothly.


Higher threshold— as the main track is generally larger than the guide track, bottom roller systems usually have a higher threshold at the bottom of the door set. This can be a trip hazard and while not impossible, it’s much harder to install flush with final floor levels.


Yes, all bifolds need some form of track system as these are what guide the door rollers. However, some door companies refer to their products as ‘trackless’ folding door systems. Trackless systems always use a top-hung system and do not need any bottom guide track running across the floor of the room.


Trackless bifold doors have no bottom guide track. If you choose top-hung bifold doors, you don’t need to use a bottom track. If you choose this option, your flooring can run seamlessly through both rooms to increase the feeling of one large space when the doors are open. However, if you do install a bottom track that is flush with the floor, this will add support and give your doors a smoother operation.


internal bifold door hardware internal bifold door hardware

Vufold uses only the very best hardware, manufactured in architectural-grade stainless steel. Our hardware has been cycle-tested to the equivalent of 40 years of opening and closing.

When you purchase internal bifold doors or external bifold doors from Vufold, all fixings are included in an installation bag.

Bifold hardware includes the following:

  • Top and bottom pivots—these enable the doors to rotate and pivot outwards as the doors fold up. They are fully adjustable for fine-tuning after installation.
  • Half offset hinges—these allow the doors to fold together easily.
  • Intermediate carrier—this is the roller assembly that glides smoothly along the top track, allowing the doors to slide and fold together.
  • Straight hinge—these attach the access door to the middle door.
  • Slide bolts—made to be easy to operate, these bolts fasten the doors in the closed position.
  • Tubular mortice latch and keep—this is a simple closing device commonly used on internal doors with no lock. The mortice latch is located in the door and the keep is in the frame.


Vufold is unique in using the following seals/gaskets on all its internal bifold doors:

  • Rubber O gaskets
  • Q-lon or brush seals

These seals help reduce noise transfer between rooms and also prevent annoying light gaps between the doors.


When fitted correctly, all of Vufold’s bifold sliding doors open and close perfectly. Over time certain things may affect how well the doors operate. Settlement or movement within a building and frequent use over a long period of time can all result in less than perfect operation.

All bifold doors will need fine-tuning at some point in their life. Many standard bifold doors are difficult to adjust and may require a specialist. Vufold uses cutting edge hardware that makes adjusting your door incredibly simple. This hardware is included as standard.



With aluminium and good quality wooden internal bifold door sets, the tracks should come pre-installed into the relevant frame parts. In these instances, the frame parts will just need assembling as per any provided instructions.

On lower quality timber systems, the bifold door tracks and frames can be universal to cover a range of different bifold doors sizes. The installer then needs to cut the parts down to the correct size. Great care should be taken to ensure they are cut to the correct length.

Vufold Internal doorsets all come with the bifold door tracks pre-installed.


Potentially, you could reverse Vufold internal bifold doors but we would not advise it without careful consideration. External bifold doors can rarely be reversed once installed, as they would need to be rotated through 180 degrees and the keyhole placed above the handle rather than below it.

It’s important to always pre-plan and think carefully about how you want your bifold doors to look, which way they should open and where the doors will stack when open.


In the unlikely event that an issue with your bifold doors means that you need to remove the doors from the tracks, this is possible though it can be a hassle. However, with Vufold internal bifold doors, this process is easy.

To remove a three-door bifold door from a track, follow these basic steps:

  1. Open up all three doors so they are stacked to one side.
  2. Support the access door so it cannot drop onto your floor or fall over.
  3. There are three hinges with four screws in each connecting the access door to the middle door. Remove all 12 screws.
  4. The access door can now be moved to one side.
  5. Support the middle door again to ensure it cannot drop or fall over.
  6. Remove the four screws located in the intermediate carrier hinge.
  7. Moving to the opposite side of the middle door proceed to undo all 12 screws from the three intermediate hinges.
  8. The middle door can now be moved to one side.
  9. Support the pivot door then undo the four screws in the top pivot hinge followed by the four screws in the bottom pivot hinge.
  10. The pivot door can now be moved to one side.
  11. The rollers can be removed from the top main track by simply sliding them in the opposite direction to the stacking of the doors.
  12. There is a section of track on the far side machined that allow the rollers to slide out.

Always consult an expert if you are unsure.


As mentioned above, bifold doors can be either top-hung or bottom-rolling. All of Vufold’s Internal bifold doors are top-hung as we believe this system offers many benefits, including a smoother operation when opening and closing.

Richard Collins Operations Director


Richard Collins - Operations Director

About Richard Collins

Rick is an expert in lean practices and principles, and how they’re applied to manufacturing, warehouse, administration and management of the business. As an operations director he oversees all areas of the business ensuring they run as efficiently as possible and has worked his way up through virtually every department since he joined us 13 years ago.

Read more about Richard Collins